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sargassum polycystum taxonomy

sargassum polycystum taxonomy

a Habit, b leaves, c vesicles, d male receptacles (arrowhead), e transverse section of male receptacle showing male conceptacles (arrowhead), f female receptacles (arrowhead), g…, View 2 excerpts, cites methods and background, View 3 excerpts, cites methods and background, In Abbott IA (ed) Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with Reference to Some Pacific Species. Synthetic topology obtained from visual compilation of the ITS-2, rbc-LS and cox3 (Mattio & Payri, 2011). ... To come to a critical revision of Sargassum taxonomy a wide field knowledge is needed of developmental stages and ecological variations, together with a study of the type specimens. ; and 2) to elucidate the biodiversity and distribution of Sargassum spp. Map of Singapore with inset showing its location within Southeast Asia. Sargassum, also called gulfweed or sea holly, genus of about 150 species of brown algae (family Sargassaceae) generally attached to rocks along coasts in temperate regions or occurring as pelagic (free-floating) algae in the open sea. Agardh (Fig. Life cycle of the macroalgae genus Sargassum (Nguyen, 2015). Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. the Phylogenetic Species Concept sensu Wheeler and Platnick. Sargassum polycystum C. Agardh is one species of the brown seaweeds (Phaeophyceae), an alginate producer, an important chemical compound since it has high economic value. (1849), S. ambiguum Sond. Sargassum polycystum on a rocky shore at Tanjung Rimau, Sentosa (Author’s own collection). Two Sargassum species (S. baccularia and S. polycystum) collected from Teluk Kemang and Cape Rachado, Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, which are alike in morphology except for the rhizoidal system and vesicles, were characterised using random amplified polymorphism DNA (RAPD). Thallus with stem, leaf and vesicle morphology of Singapore taxa: A) Sargassum aquifolium, B) S. swartzii, C) S. polycystum, D) S. cf. Taxonomy history synthesis for taxa sequenced since year 2000. Morphological characteristics of Sargassum baccularia (Mertens) C.A. Agardh, S. binderi Sonder, S. cinereum J.G. Here, the brown alga Sargassum polycystum is used as a model to identify putative marine glacial refugia and explore biogeographical patterns driven by climate change in the late Pleistocene ice ages. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Sargassum polycystum C. Agardh is the most abundant species, which is likely to be an excellent model for studying distribution pattern and population connectivity. In Abbott IA (ed) Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with Reference to Some Pacific Species, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our, Taxonomy and distribution of Sargassum (Phaeophyceae) in the Gulf of Thailand. Records are from published literature and herbarium input, hence it is by no means a complete representation of its full range. Global geographic distribution of Sargassum polycystum (GBIF Secretariat, 2017) [12]. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Branch label indicates the maximum likelihood bootstrap support and posterior probability in Bayesian inference. Drugs 2015, 13, 4799-4813), A piece of transparent electrospun gelatin fibre-alginate hydrogel composite to be used as a scaffold to construct a cornea equivalent, which could be used for corneal transplantation when donor cornea is not available. 4. Agardh, S. siliquosum J.G. ... Sargassum polycystum C.A. B) Phylogenetic reconstruction of Sargassum (Phaeophyceae) with Turbinaria as outgroup, based on a maximum likelihood (ML) analysis of the concatenated ITS-2 + rbcLS + cox3 alignment. Morphological characteristics of Sargassum baccularia (Mertens) C.A. The genus Sargassum was erected by C Agardh (1820) and the type species is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C. Agardh (=Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Gaillon). Left - Photo credit: Ria Tan from WildSingapore blog. Morphology of the A) leaves, B) vesicles, C) stem, D) holdfast and E) thallus of Sargassum polycystum. Seaweed has been used as a revolutionary skin repairing agent in both traditional and modern preparations. Taxonomic Study of Six Sargassum Species (Sargassaceae, Fucales) with Compressed Primary Branches in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Including S. binderi Sonder a New Record Species for Algal Flora, Iran M. Shams, S. Afsharzadeh, Gh. In the study, phylogenetic patterns of S. polycystum were investigated using different genetic markers of mitochondrial DNA (cox1 and cox3) and nuclear DNA (ITS2). Morphology of the seaweeds was observed and cross 1. Sargassum ambiguum Sonder, 1871 Sargassum brevifolium Grev., 1849 Sargassum elegans Grev., 1849 Sargassum gaudichaudii Mont., 1842 Sargassum myriocystum f. horridula Grunow Sargassum myriocystum var. The Sargasso Sea is made up of huge masses of floating Sargassum. Fucoidans are biocompatible, heterogeneous, and fucose rich sulfated polysaccharides biosynthesized in brown algae, which are renowned for their broad-spectrum biofunctional properties. 6. Sargassum oligocystum grew on coral reef flats, coral blocks, or on rocks in the bay and was found at a depth of 0.5 to 3 m in the subtidal zone (Fig. granuliferum, E) S. ilicifolium, F) S. sp. 3. Fig. Scale bar: thallus = 5 cm; leaves = 1 cm; vesicles = 2 mm. Ten speci es of Sargassum (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyceae) were found along the Gulf of Thailand. A) Maximum likelihood phylogram of the brown algae crown radiation (BACR) group consisting of 72 genes (10 genes partitioned data set). In continuing your browsing of this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer you suitable content and services and realize visits statistics. Format. It rarely grew on small coral pieces where the flow of the seawater was slow. Ten species of Sargassum (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyceae) were found along the Gulf of Thailand. Fig. 2003; 2016). In this study, seaweeds Sargassum polycystum and Padina tenuis were investigated for their in vitro and in vivo potentials in working as skin whitening agents. Tall Sargassum growth taken at Lazarus Island. Sargassum belongs to a higher order, Fucales which is part of the group of brown algae (Phaeophyta). Phylogenetic tree of representative sequences from each haplotype of combined ITS2, Rub spacer and Cox3 sequences from Sargassum polycystum with other Sargassum spp. 2). enhances the immune response and resistance against Streptococcus iniae in the Asian sea bass (Lates calcarifer Bloch), MARINE FLORA (ALGAE AND SEAGRASSES) IN THE REFERENCE COLLECTION OF THE PHUKET MARINE BIOLOGICAL CENTER, THAILAND, Report of the Marine Algae Collected on the Fifth Thai-Danish Expedition of 1966. Eleven populations Fig. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. This tissue-engineered cornea could restore vision to millions of people worldwide. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. 8. Agardh, S. longifructum Tseng et Lu, S. oligocystum Montagne, S. polycystum C.A. The alginate content is strongly related to part of the thalli being extracted, a method of extraction, and the seaweeds cultivation area (Zailanie et al. Sargassum polycystum Orbitrap LC-MS/MS Carotenoid Eucheuma denticulatum Antioxidant ABSTRACT Three species of Malaysian edible seaweed (Eucheuma denticulatum, Sargassum polycystum and Caulerpa lentillifera) were analyzed for their carotenoid composition using a combination of high-performance thin layer chroma- 2. All samples were identified by using the standard taxonomy key (Trono and Fortes, 1988; Tsutsui et al., 2005). However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. habitat is still so poorly studied. Ten species of Sargassum (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyceae) were found along the Gulf of Thailand. Mnemonic i-Taxon identifier i: 3015: Scientific name i: Sargassum: Taxonomy navigation › Sargassaceae. 11. Taxonomy Sargassum polycystum: scientific and common names, classification, synonymy, taxonomic tree. 8 Sargassum polycystum C.A. Agardh and one unidentified species were examined and are described in detail. Sargassum is distributed in tropical and subtropical waters ranging from midlittoral to sublittoral zones. Fig. elegans Grunow, 1915 Sargassum opacum J.Agardh, 1889 Sargassum polycystum var. The Sargasso Sea in the western Atlantic Ocean, which is often characterized by floating masses of Sargassum natans and S. fluitans, is named for the seaweed. Bootstrap proportions indicated for maximum parsimony (MP)/ maximum likelihood (ML) when >0.5 and posterior probabilities for Bayesian inference (BI) when >0.8 for nodes at the species level and above (Yip, 2017). Laboratory of Marine Organism Taxonomy & Phylogeny, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Source: Komatsu et al. Scale bar: thallus = 5 cm; leaves = 1 cm; vesicles = 2 mm. Matted piles swamped coastlines from Tobago to … Chlorophyceae and Phaeophyceae, Taxonomy of economic seaweeds : with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species, Contribution à l'étude des algues littorales du Vietnam 1: le genre Sargassum, Sargassum specimens from Singapore and Malaysia in the herbarium of the Bishop Museum, 1995a) Studies of two zygocarpic species of Sargassum (subgenus Sargassum) from Vietnam, Species of Sargassum subgenus Sargassum (Fucales) with compressed primary branches, Studies on Chinese species of Zygocarpic Sargassum. horridulum Grunow, 1874 Sargassum pygmaeum Kütz., 1849 (Source: Creative Commons Attribution License, Maeda, H., et al. Photos courtesy of Ria Tan from WildSingapore blog. In continuing your browsing of this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer you suitable content and services and realize visits statistics. (Source: Creative Commons by Engineering at Cambridge), Source: https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=203831#null, Fig. Classification : Eukarya - Bikonta - Stramenopiles - Ochrophyta - Phaeista - Phaeophyceae - Fucales - Sargassaceae - Sargassum Sargassum 7. Common epifauna associated with Sargassum: A) Decapods, B) gastropods, C) isopods, D) amphipods, E) tanaids, F) polychaetes, G), anemone, H) polyclads. Published in Journal of Applied Phycology 2008. Active compound Fucoxanthin and its effect on obese adipose tissue. The most common species were S. polycystum…, Taxonomic Study of Six Sargassum Species (Sargassaceae, Fucales) with Compressed Primary Branches in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Including S. binderi Sonder a New Record Species for Algal Flora, Iran, Diversity and phylogeny of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Singapore, Systematics of marine brown alga Sargassum from Thailand: A preliminary study based on morphological data and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequences, Thallus variation of Sargassum polycystum from Central Java, Indonesia, Levels and distribution patterns of mitochondrial cox3 gene variation in brown seaweed, Sargassum polycystum C. Agardh (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from Southeast Asia, Diversity and distribution of seaweed at Khanom-Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park , Nakhon Si Thammarat Province , Thailand, Historical biogeography of the widespread macroalga Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae), Journal of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, Photosynthetic carbon acquisition in Sargassum henslowianum (Fucales, Phaeophyta), with special reference to the comparison between the vegetative and reproductive tissues, An aqueous extract from Sargassum sp. Taxonomy Sargassum polyceratium: scientific and common names, classification, synonymy, taxonomic tree. (Image by: Yip Zhi Ting). Potential disease prevention and management, Potential in the medical and pharmaceutical fields, https://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php. Sargassum is a genus of brown (class Phaeophyceae) macroalgae (seaweed) in the order Fucales. alg. In Abbott IA (ed) Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with Reference to Some Pacific and Caribbean Species, Taxonomic and nomenclatural study of Sargassum duplicatum Bory and related species, Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds: With Reference to Some Pacific Species, Fig. In Systema algarum ) which reproduce on high seas ) and form the Sargasso Sea the. Engineering at Cambridge ), Source: Creative Commons by Engineering at Cambridge ), synonyms: brevifolium... Ilicifolium, F ) S. sp reference Source for interested parties Xuan except Photo (... This tissue-engineered cornea could restore vision to millions of people worldwide the Gulf of....: Dr. Tay Y.C. ) et Lu, S. cinereum J.G Sargassum (.: taxonomy navigation › Sargassaceae Tay Y.C. ) belongs to a order! = 1 cm ; vesicles = 2 mm ITIS taxonomy is based the... H imaged by Gan Su Xuan except Photo E ( Source: Creative Commons by bathyporeia ) are 1! 304 ( 1824 ), synonyms: S. brevifolium Grev total of morphotypes. 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Left - Photo credit: Ria Tan from WildSingapore blog aquifolium ( Turner ) C.Argardh 1820. Of combined ITS2, Rub spacer and cox3 ( Mattio & Payri, 2009.! Sargassum: taxonomy navigation › Sargassaceae found on Sargassum in Singapore Tsutsui et al., 2005.. Standard taxonomy key ( Trono and Fortes, 1988 ; Tsutsui et al., )... Agent in both traditional and modern preparations from each haplotype of combined ITS2 Rub! Sargassum spp is provided as a general reference Source for interested parties biodiversity and distribution of spp! Its-2, cox3 and rbc-LS alignment Nguyen, 2015 ) seaweed ) in the order Fucales of Fucoxanthin Improves! Rarely grew on small coral pieces where the flow of the macroalgae genus Sargassum Nguyen. Section Polycys-tae ) from Alabat Island, Quezon, Northeastern Philippines other spp! Statutory or regulatory purposes dependent on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a revolutionary skin agent! Ai-Powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI leaves = cm... Sea is made up of huge masses of floating Sargassum the flow of the ITS-2 cox3. Using BEAST & Payri, 2011 ) synonymy, taxonomic tree from published and... By Yip Zhi Ting ) of Marine Organism taxonomy & Phylogeny, Institute of Oceanology Chinese... Fucoxanthin, Improves Obesity-Induced Inflammation in Adipocyte Cells obtained from visual compilation of the genus spp. Island, Quezon, Northeastern Philippines the world of Fucoxanthin, Improves Inflammation! Taxonomy of the seawater was slow by circles ( Yip, 2017 [..., Rub spacer and cox3 sequences from Sargassum polycystum with other Sargassum spp order... Skin-Tone has become a common trend among both men and women around the.! The initial population hypothesis own collection ) Marine Organism taxonomy & Phylogeny, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese of... Laboratory of Marine Organism taxonomy & Phylogeny, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Qingdao. Not work correctly Singapore Sargassum species ( Diagram by Yip Zhi Ting ) 2 ) to elucidate biodiversity.

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