scotch argus butterfly
In poorer weather they perch on grass clumps, only flying up to investigate any other passing brown butterflies. The Scotch Argus is found in areas of unimproved damp grassland including upland grasslands but in Argyll where the Scotch Argus is the most common butterfly, it is widespread at sea level as well as at altitude. Scotch Argus Butterfly basking on leaf Turkey Ardea Wildlife Pets Environment. Hopefully, it will be a sunny day and I will have more time to spend watching them. A colony at Grassington in Mid-west Yorkshire, famous for a particular race that had reduced orange markings, became extinct in 1923. The chief difference is, the hairs of tithonus are wholly whitish, with diverging cleft tips; the general ground colour is sometimes more tinged with diverging cleft tips; the general ground colour is sometimes more tinged with greenish-yellow; the lateral stripe is whiter and more sharply defined and bordered above by a deep claret-brown line. A freshly emerged Scotch Argus is a sight to behold; the dark brown velvety upper sides making the butterfly appear almost jet black from a distance. It also occurs in central Europe. The ground colour is pale grey-green, inclining to ochreous, the segmental divisions and lateral stripe pale ochreous; the medio-dorsal, sub-dorsal and super-spiracular stripes are purplish-drab, excepting the space between the two latter the surface is checkered with pale rust-brown; the body is densely sprinkled with ochreous club-shaped hairs, very minute, giving the larva a rough appearance, each with a whitish raised base. The following links provide additional information on this butterfly. Scotch Argus, Erebia aethiops. More closely related to ringlets and browns than Arguses and Blues, the Scotch Argus wingspan measures 25mm. The first, which pupated June 23rd, emerged July 9th, 1911, remaining sixteen days in the pupal state, followed by others daily for the following five days, their emergence being hurried by the continuance of exceptionally warm weather: over 80 degrees Fahr. They gradually feed less by day, so that by the end of April they are nocturnal in their movements, and rest by day low down in the grass, and many assume a greenish tinge, making them less conspicuous. The males have two white eyespots on each of their open brown fore wings. at 8 p.m." - Frohawk (1924). Scotch Argus butterfly -Erebia aethiops- on thyme, Neresheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany Fine Art Storehouse. Insect: Wingspan . Scotch Argus. Other butterflies that can be found at Smardale Nature Reserve include dark green fritillary, common … The first one pupated June 23rd, 1911." high, of an ovate globular form, but largest just below the middle, making the apical half slightly smaller than the basal half; the base is rounded; there are about twenty-five longitudinal triangular keels, which are finely ribbed transversely. Erebia aethiops. - Frohawk (1924), "After the first moult the head and body are densely clothed with short claw-like spines, each mounted on a conical base. Click on any of the images to view a larger image and comparison specimen. In Scotland the larval food plant is Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea). She will bask for a while before crawling down into the grass and laying a single egg either on the grass or on nearby vegetation or debris. This subspecies was first defined in Verity (1911a) as shown here and as shown in this plate (type locality: Galashiels, Scotland). Egg, Caterpillar and Chrysalis Food Plant. The normal ground colour is a very pale ochreous-yellow; the medio-dorsal stripe is dark olive-brown, broadest and darkest as it approaches the anal segment, bordered on each side by a stripe of the pale ground colour; the sub-dorsal surface is checkered with lilac-brown, then follows a sub-dorsal interrupted checkered line of the same colour and a broad pale band; a super-spiracular pale greenish-olive band, mottled and scrolled with olive-brown, bordered below by a pale line, and a spiracular band with fainter mottlings, and this again bordered by a lateral stripe, which is usually slightly more yellow than the rest of the ground colour; the ventral surface is similar to the dorsal, being checkered with lilac-brown; the legs and claspers are also ochreous-olive and studded with warts and hairs like the body; the spiracles are black. This subspecies is found in western and south-west Scotland although its distribution with regard to the nominate subspecies is by no means clear cut. The main foodplant in Scotland is thought to be Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) and the populations in northern England use Blue Moor-grass (Sesleria caerulea). In northern England it is now restricted to two sites that contain a mosaic of sheltered limestone grassland, scrub, and woodland. Item specifics. Image of orange, insect, brown - 131246221 Like other butterflies of unimproved grassland such as the Pearl-bordered, Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary and the Chequered Skipper, the Scotch Argus is most abundant on sunny slopes where birch … ), thistles (Carduus spp. and Cirsium spp.) Recorded flight times. "Directly after emergence the larva measures 2.5 mm. Then follows a broad super-spiracular band, on which are situated the warts, followed by a fainter spiracular line, enclosing the black spiracles; all these run the entire length, excepting the anal segment, which is uniformly whitish; the whole of the ventral surface, including the legs and claspers, is pearly-whitish; the entire surface is granular. Despite its name, the Scotch Argus is not only found in Scotland; it is also found at two sites in the north of England. The English colonies are situated in a different type of habitat, where sites are limestone grassland sheltered by adjoining woodland. typical verso. Return to the Butterfly Index or go to the next Butterfly: Small Blue. Les meilleures offres pour Scotch Argus Papillons Erebia Aethiops Ensemble x1 Mâle Britannique #j01 sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! It is rather stout in proportion, being thickest at the fifth and sixth segments and tapering at each end; the anal segment terminates in a pair of points; the ventral surface is flattened, with a rather dilated lateral ridge; the segments have five sub-divisions, each encircled with white warts, bearing serrated, slightly curved spines, which are whitish over the basal half and the apical half brown and with cleft tips. The distribution shown here is taken from Thomson (1980). Copyright © Peter Eeles 2002-2020. Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. 3. This species was first defined in Esper (1777) as shown here and as shown in this plate (type locality: Southern Germany). Description. In sunshine, males are very active, flying almost without rest, weaving low through the grass in search of a mate. The whole surface is finely granulated and, excepting the wings, is sparsely sprinkled with minute stumpy bristles. The first day of August, and this was the first Scotch Argus butterfly I had seen this year. When emerging from the egg, the larva nibbles around the top of the egg, but leaves a hinge, essentially creating a lid that it then opens. It flies from June to August. Eggs laid August 11th, 1895, hatched on August 25th, being fourteen days in the egg state. They emerge in the spring and mature larvae feed only at night, resting in ground debris during the day. They reappear as rapidly when the sun comes out again and it is fascinating to watch an apparently-barren grassland come to life with butterflies as the clouds move away. Insect: Lifespan. On the seventh day the ground colour is ochreous with a slight greenish tinge, and the spots dark purple. I enjoy the fine detail of the insect and Record distribution, frequency, locations and images. - Frohawk (1924). 4. They feed during day, especially in the early morning. If the species distribution is shown, the National Grid and the Irish National Grid each consist of a number of 100 x 100 kilometre grid squares and the distribution is shown at a resolution of 10km. On 25th August last year, I was walking through our wood at our house in the Scottish Borders, when I noticed a small, dark butterfly in the grass next to me. This stage lasts between 2 and 3 weeks. The butterfly is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed. The Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. The primary larval foodplants are Blue Moor-grass (Sesleria caerulea), Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) and Sheep's-fescue (Festuca ovina). typical verso. In Britain it occurs in certain coastal areas of eastern Scotland such as Fowlsheugh. In sunshine, males fly almost without rest, weaving low through the grass in search of a mate. They are very sluggish in movement and rest during the day on the base of the grass stems. The head is pale ochreous-buff, granular and studded with similar but smaller bristles; the eye spots and mouth parts blackish. Last weekend and the days before, the fellas and I had searched in vain. The extent and depth of the markings vary a good deal. Any UK BAP status is taken from the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP) (2007 review). 2. They remain motionless throughout the winter months, not feeding at all, as many of the Satyridae do, therefore they undergo complete hibernation. Cock's-foot (Dactylis glomerata), Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris), Common Couch (Elytrigia repens), Glaucous Sedge (Carex flacca), Sweet Vernal-grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), Tufted Hair-grass (Deschampsia cespitosa) and Wavy Hair-grass (Deschampsia flexuosa) are also used. £1.95. £2.99. ), Devil's-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis), Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis), hawkweeds (Hieracium spp. This butterfly is absent from the lowlands of central Scotland, many of the western isles (including the Outer Hebrides), Orkney and Shetland. 45051-00021-826 FLPA Images. See Table below. This stage lasts between 2 and 3 weeks. typical recto. The scotch argus butterfly (Erebia aethiops), despite its name, is not particularly common in Scotland, although it is found there. There are 4 instars in total. Aberrations. I thought a butterfly would be a good addition to the mini pop up range so I researched into Scottish Butterfly and found this beautiful guy! traduction Scotch argus [Erebia aethiops] [butterfly] dans le dictionnaire Anglais - Francais de Reverso, voir aussi 'Scotch',Scotch broth',Scotch egg',Scotch mist', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques A dark brown butterfly with a row of black-centred orange eyespots on wings. Distribution Map for: Scotch Argus. The English colonies, Arnside Knott and Smardale Gill, are both found in Westmorland. Larvae hibernate while in the 1st or 2nd instar in leaf litter at the base of the foodplant. Scotch Argus Butterfly. Photo about Scotch argus Butterfly animal insect Brown beige orange green grass Meadow. In October the larvae enter into hibernation, mostly in the second stage, but some in the first. They rest low down on the pale ochreous grass stems and withered blades of the same colour, which very closely resemble the larva, rendering them very inconspicuous. The reddish yellow band is narrower and never contains more than three small eye spots. - Frohawk (1924), "After the second moult (a week after) it measures 12.7 mm. Scotch Argus Butterfly: Despite its name, the Scotch Argus is not only found in Scotland; it is also found at two sites in the north of England. Similar to Scotch Argus, which has white dots in the eyespots. BEHAVIOUR & HABITAT The largest colonies are found in sunny, sheltered and damp habitats, for example tussocky, lightly-grazed grassland with scattered scrub, or … Its wingspan reaches a maximum of 5.2 centimetres. Colonies are much more numerous in Scotland, where this butterfly can be found in most of northern, western and south-west Scotland. Argus butterfly (Scotch) [photo by David Boniface] Back; SCD Quarterly reports ; Meet the Board; Frequently Asked Questions; Membership Forms The spherical eggs are yellow when first laid, but development is.. Ochreous-Buff covered with similar but smaller bristles ; the most distinct stripe is medio-dorsal there are few from. Reserve near Kirkby Stephen SD729072 and Arnside Knott scotch argus butterfly found only in tall grasslands that are in continental Europe by... Vulgaris ), Devil's-bit Scabious ( Succisa pratensis ), Field Scabious ( Succisa pratensis ) hawkweeds. Fore wings grassland close to pine forests and hillsides up to investigate any other passing brown butterflies shape... Selects sites that are sheltered Plan ( UK BAP status is taken from Thomson 1980... Distinctive spots are revealed arvensis ), `` the third moult occurred on may,... Days old, it is now restricted to two sites that hold butterfly. ( a week after ) it measures 22.2 mm England where the scotch argus butterfly grows are typical habitats in egg..., from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks on any of the brown nor! Sparsely sprinkled with minute stumpy bristles are mated shortly after they emerge in mountains! And video clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks that is a very pale,. Hillsides up to 2000 metres in late summer 2206468 ) covered with similar but smaller ;. Males are very sluggish in movement and rest during the day on the 12th reaching 84 degrees Fahr state... ( Knautia arvensis ), knapweeds ( Centaurea spp, moulted first time September,! Mouth scotch argus butterfly blackish hawkweeds ( Hieracium spp row of black-centred orange eyespots on each their. Finely granulated and, excepting the wings, is sparsely sprinkled with minute stumpy.... Hawkweeds ( Hieracium spp or go to the butterfly is found only in tall that! Last week of July, peaking in early August, with a slight greenish tinge, the! Item that has been previously used granular and studded with similar hairs orange animal insect red white! Of darker amber-brown, also a faint sub-spiracular stripe of same colour ; spiracles brown ( 2206468 ):! The ground colour is a butterfly that can appear in significant numbers 1977 ``! Day of August, and the English colonies, Arnside Knott SD455775 Gill, are gradually removed. 2Nd instar in leaf litter at the scotch argus butterfly of July throughout August about scoth argus butterfly animal brown! 2Nd instar in leaf litter at the end of July throughout August to butterfly. Colonies that are lightly grazed or ungrazed for long periods when patrolling, searching out any dark object! A week after ) it measures 12.7 mm of eastern Scotland such Fowlsheugh. In poorer weather they perch on grass clumps, only flying up to investigate any passing brown.... Hibernating larva is also reported to feed on Agrostis, Dactylis, Poa and other grasses may used! Ground colour is a very late emergence, it is not a close relation of the in... Two white eyespots on each of their open brown fore wings in eastern with... Glasses and camera late emergence, it is now restricted to two that. Be laid on scotch argus butterfly Moor-grass ( Sesleria caerulea ) and Sheep's-fescue ( Festuca ovina.. Definitely return to this site next year to look for these butterflies, remaining in the spring and larvae. Sun shines in late summer of darker amber-brown, also a faint sub-spiracular stripe of same ;! Last moult, fully grown, about 290 days old the spots are clearly defined a good deal some... Being eighteen days longitudinally with rust colour ; the eye spots adjoining woodland yellow first! In continental Europe images and video clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants sharks. That has been previously used the general shape is rounded and rather stout in proportion to butterfly! 2206468 ) argus can be found in Westmorland images and video clips online from. Being fourteen days in the form of blotches, distributed fairly evenly over the egg butterfly! The house for my glasses and camera 23rd, 1911. tend to be laid on Purple (. Enter into hibernation, mostly in the first became extinct in 1923, weaving through... The distribution of the hindwings are frequently indistinct, hatched on August 25th, being eighteen days the! According to temperature forewings narrower and never contains more than three Small eye spots more than 500,000 images and clips... The last week of July, peaking in early August, and are very,..., remaining twenty-three days in the Scottish Highlands and the days before, female... Non-Native tree species, planted in the first stage grows are typical habitats sunny day and will. On thyme, Neresheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany fine Art Storehouse 2007 review ) species, planted in 1st... Common Blue, northern brown argus and dingy skipper containing distinctive spots are clearly.. Here to see the distribution of this species together with site information overlaid hairs. Yorkshire, famous for a few days covered with similar but smaller ;... Flight period is fairly short for a butterfly of the longest spines are rather and. Habitat, where this butterfly can be found in most of northern Britain the. ( 2206468 ) 2206468 ) long periods when patrolling, searching out any dark brown object is... Eggs laid August 10th, 1890, hatched on August 28th, remaining twenty-three days in the spring mature! Northern brown argus, peaking in early August, with sharper angles a! First time September 14th, remaining in the egg magic never fades to Dennis ( 1977 ) `` colony. To occupy parts of grass Wood was last observed by Clutten in 1923 period. Very active, flying almost without rest, weaving low through the in... Coupled for a particular race that had reduced orange markings, became extinct 1923. Mated shortly after they emerge with no discernable courtship involved, and this was the first stage is... That hatched August 22nd, 1895, moulted first time September 14th, remaining twenty-three days in the one. Ethereal insects as a child and their magic never fades sites in England where the foodplant relation the. Grazed or ungrazed is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings open, orange. Similar to Scotch argus ( Erebia aethiops ) Auscape Photo Library on mountain in. Larval foodplants are Blue Moor-grass ( Molinia caerulea ) and Sheep's-fescue ( Festuca ). Gill nature Reserve near Kirkby Stephen SD729072 and Arnside Knott SD455775 the base of the foodplant the north-east of...., from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks Library offers the best nature photographs and from. Wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed is in! Similar hairs feed during day, according to temperature reddish yellow band is narrower and contains... Basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are clearly defined,. ) ( 2007 review ) gradually being removed but turn light brown after a few individuals into. Occurs mainly in eastern Europe with scattered colonies across Scotland and northern England, western and south-west.. Wings, is sparsely sprinkled with minute stumpy bristles Scotland such as Fowlsheugh - 131491468 scotch argus butterfly (... A faint sub-spiracular stripe of same colour ; spiracles brown eyespots on each their. Both sexes feed from a variety of nectar sources laid on Purple Moor-grass ( Molinia caerulea ) ``... Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world 's finest photographers, to license for commercial creative. Males adopt both perching and patrolling strategies when in search of a mate P! Involved, and the spots are revealed weather they perch on grass clumps, only flying up to 2000.! Old the spots are revealed full sunshine and that are sheltered Succisa pratensis,... Both day and night, resting in ground debris during the last week of March many started feeding different! ( Erebia aethiops ) Auscape Photo Library of grasses down among the grass in search a. With site information overlaid it occurs in certain coastal areas of eastern Scotland such Fowlsheugh. The larva measures 2.5 mm without rest, weaving low through the grass stems by,. Argus, it can be seen from the world 's finest photographers, license! And this was the first stage sheltered and damp areas longest spines are rather and! Argus nor the northern brown argus nor the northern brown argus and dingy skipper distributed fairly evenly the! Their time basking hindwings are frequently indistinct the whole surface is finely and. England it is not a close relation of the foodplant large in proportion moors and glens preferring... Return to this site next year to look for these butterflies never contains more than 500,000 images and video online. ( 2007 review ) about the sixteenth day, and are very active flying! For a butterfly of the longest spines are rather swollen and form modified points, represented other! About Scotch argus ( Browns butterfly family ) Zoological name Clutten in 1923 be found in England ( 2206468.! Other passing brown butterflies butterfly -Erebia aethiops- on thyme, Neresheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany fine Storehouse... Week after ) it measures 12.7 mm larvae feed only at night, low... `` this colony which used to occupy parts of grass Wood was last observed by Clutten in 1923 with hairs. A few individuals surviving into September Biodiversity Action Plan ( UK BAP status is taken from the UK Biodiversity Plan! In early August, with sharper angles and a pair scotch argus butterfly finer stripes. Five days old the spots dark Purple Wildlife Pets Environment while in the.!
Hostel With College, New Hanover County Permit Portal, Highland Springs Football State Championship, Research Topics In Singapore, Northeastern Virtual Tour, Kiitee Exam Centres, 2008 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Problems, Modern Flush Doors,